In McCoy v. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, et al., The First Department held that a Gradall Forklift was a mobile crane within the meaning of the Industrial Code, 12 NYCRR 23-8.2 stating;
“The court correctly held, based on the evidence adduced at the framed-issue hearing, that the subject equipment was a mobile crane for purposes of the Industrial Code regulations governing the safe operation of mobile cranes, considering the manner in which the equipment was being used at the time of plaintiff’s injury. The term “mobile crane” is undefined in the Industrial Code, and plaintiff’s expert witnesses provided persuasive testimony that the Gradall was functioning as a mobile crane at the time of plaintiff’s accident, and that the Industrial Code provisions governing mobile cranes could sensibly be applied to the Gradall in light of the manner it was being used at the time (see Giordano v Forest City Ratner Cos., 43 AD3d 1106, 1108 ; Millard v City of Ogdensburg, 300 AD2d 1088, 1089 , lv denied 303 AD2d 1060 ). Defendants’ expert testimony, in contrast, was unpersuasive and merely demonstrated that the Gradall was manufactured, tested, and sold in conformity with industry safety standards applicable to manufacturers governing rough terrain forklift trucks and lacked certain characteristics essential to a particular subset of mobile cranes, but ignored that there are [*2]several categories of mobile cranes not all of which possess these characteristics, that the Gradall is a multi-purpose machine capable of functioning as both a forklift and a mobile crane depending on the type of attachment being used, and that the Industrial Code was enacted before multi-purpose machines such as the Gradall were developed and therefore such machines were not within the contemplation of the drafters.”
View image 1997 Gradall Forklift.